Digital technology has several features that can make it much easier for teachers to pay special attention to all their students.
If you can't make it good, at least make it look good.
I don't think culture is something you can describe.
You know capitalism is this wonderful thing that motivates people, it causes wonderful inventions to be done. But in this area of diseases of the world at large, it's really let us down.
Harnessing steam power required many innovations, as William Rosen chronicles in the book The Most Powerful Idea in the World.'
Discrimination has a lot of layers that make it tough for minorities to get a leg up.
In almost every area of human endeavor, the practice improves over time. That hasn't been the case for teaching.
Being flooded with information doesn't mean we have the right information or that we're in touch with the right people.
Everyone needs a coach. It doesn't matter whether you're a basketball player, a tennis player, a gymnast or a bridge player.
Well the protester I think is a very powerful thing. It's basically a mechanism of democracy that, along with capitalism, scientific innovation, those things have built the modern world. And it's wonderful that the new tools have empowered that protestor so that state secrets, bad developments are not hidden anymore.
Money has no utility to me beyond a certain point.
The belief that the world is getting worse, that we can't solve extreme poverty and disease, isn't just mistaken. It is harmful.
You can always think of something like the Xbox 360 as a super set-top box that can do everything the set-top box does, but then have the graphics to do the games as well.
I think it's fair to say that personal computers have become the most empowering tool we've ever created. They're tools of communication, they're tools of creativity, and they can be shaped by their user.
Certainly, the Windows share of servers is strong.
Music, even with these dial-up connections you have to the Internet, is very practical to download.
Google's done a super good job on search; Apple's done a great job on the IPod.
I'm an investor in a number of biotech companies, partly because of my incredible enthusiasm for the great innovations they will bring.
I have been struck again and again by how important measurement is to improving the human condition.
It's fine to celebrate success but it is more important to heed the lessons of failure.
I read a lot of obscure books and it is nice to open a book.
The misconception that aid falls straight into the hands of dictators largely stems from the Cold War era.
If your culture doesn't like geeks, you are in real trouble.
The first rule of any technology used in a business is that automation applied to an efficient operation will magnify the efficiency. The second is that automation applied to an inefficient operation will magnify the inefficiency.
If you're low-income in the United States, you have a higher chance of going to jail than you do of getting a four-year degree. And that doesn't seem entirely fair.
Measles will always show you if someone isn't doing a good job on vaccinations. Kids will start dying of measles.
I don't think there's a!; boundary between digital media and print media. Every magazine is doing an online version.
Technology is just a tool. In terms of getting the kids working together and motivating them, the teacher is the most important.
A lot of the things that will really improve the world fortunately aren't dependent on Washington doing something different.
When you revolutionize education, you're taking the very mechanism of how people be smarter and do new things, and you're priming the pump for so many incredible things.
Being able to see an activity log of where a kid has been going on the Internet is a good thing.
Helping convene global stakeholders to establish a set of measurable, actionable and consensus-built goals focused on extreme poverty is invaluable.
I'm certainly well taken care of in terms of food and clothes.
What's amazing is, if young people understood how doing well in school makes the rest of their life so much interesting, they would be more motivated. It's so far away in time that they can't appreciate what it means for their whole life.
Capitalism has shortfalls. It doesn't necessarily take care of the poor, and it underfunds innovation, so we have to offset that.
The world has been very careful to pick very few diseases for eradication, because it is very tough.
Should surveillance be usable for petty crimes like jaywalking or minor drug possession? Or is there a higher threshold for certain information? Those aren't easy questions.
I spend a lot of time reading.
When a country has the skill and self-confidence to take action against its biggest problems, it makes outsiders eager to be a part of it.
I'm a great believer that any tool that enhances communication has profound effects in terms of how people can learn from each other, and how they can achieve the kind of freedoms that they're interested in.
If you've found some way to educate yourself about engineering, stocks, or whatever it is, good employers will have some type of exam or interview and see a sample of your work.
Your most unhappy customers are your greatest source of learning.
Considering their impact, you might expect mosquitoes to get more attention than they do. Sharks kill fewer than a dozen people every year, and in the U.S. they get a week dedicated to them on TV every year.
Common Core is a big win for education.
Some people, through luck and skill, end up with a lot of assets. If you're good at kicking a ball, writing software, investing in stocks, it pays extremely well.
The Billionaire' song is what my kids tease me with. They sing it to me. It's funny.
In K-12, almost everybody goes to local schools. Universities are a bit different because kids actually do pick the university. The bizarre thing, though, is that the merit of university is actually how good the students going in are: the SAT scores of the kids going in.
Climate change is a terrible problem, and it absolutely needs to be solved. It deserves to be a huge priority.
Whether it's Google or Apple or free software, we've got some fantastic competitors and it keeps us on our toes.
It's a nice reader, but there's nothing on the iPad I look at and say, Oh, I wish Microsoft had done it.'
I never took a day off in my twenties. Not one. And I'm still fanatical, but now I'm a little less fanatical.
Well, no one gives aid to Zimbabwe through the Mugabe government.
Corruption is one of the most common reasons I hear in views that criticize aid.
Polio's pretty special because once you get an eradication, you no longer have to spend money on it; it's just there as a gift for the rest of time.
Success is a lousy teacher. It seduces smart people into thinking they can't lose.
640K ought to be enough for anybody.
Whether I'm at the office, at home, or on the road, I always have a stack of books I'm looking forward to reading.
By improving health, empowering women, population growth comes down.
It is hard to overstate how valuable it is to have all the incredible tools that are used for human disease to study plants.
I have a nice office. I have a nice house!; So I'm not denying myself some great things. I just don't happen to have expensive hobbies.
In this business, by the time you realize you're in trouble, it's too late to save yourself. Unless you're running scared all the time, you're gone.
I have a particular relationship with Vinod Khosla because he's got a lot of very interesting science-based energy startups.
In the old generation, if one kid bought a PlayStation 2 and the other kid bought an Xbox, at his house you played PlayStation, at your house you played Xbox. Now that it's online, all those early buyers who!; you want to play with, they've got their reputation online of who they are and how good they are at these games.
Living on $6 a day means you have a refrigerator, a TV, a cell phone, your children can go to school. That's not possible on $1 a day.
There are websites that any government wants to block. The truth about the Internet is that it's extremely hard to block anything , extremely hard. You'll never get perfect blocking.
When Ford sells a car, a dealer isn't allowed to take out the engine and put a different one in. When a newsstand sells the Washington Post, no one can go to the newsstand and pay them to rip out the classified section and put their own classified section in , if they could, they would do so.
Two out of every five people on Earth today owe their lives to the higher crop outputs that fertilizer has made possible.
As we look ahead into the next century, leaders will be those who empower others.
My wife thinks she's better than me at puzzles. I haven't given in on that one yet.
The tool that's most associated with the recent progress against malaria is the long-lasting bed net. Bed nets are a fantastic innovation. But we can do even better. We can invent new ways to control the mosquitoes that carry the malaria parasite.
Teaching's hard! You need different skills: positive reinforcement, keeping students from getting bored, commanding their attention in a certain way.
Software is a great combination between artistry and engineering.
Eventually you won't think of the Internet business.' You'll think of it more like news, weather, sports, but even that taxonomy isn't clear.
One of the statistics that always amazes me is the approval of the Chinese government, not elected, is over 80 percent. The approval of the U.S. government, fully elected, is 19 percent. Well, we elected these people and they didn't elect those people. Isn't it supposed to be different? Aren't we supposed to like the people that we elected?
We all need people who will give us feedback. That's how we improve.
The outside perception and inside perception of Microsoft are so different. The view of Microsoft inside Microsoft is always kind of an underdog thing.
The only definition by which America's best days are behind it is on a purely relative basis.
I think that society has to be careful not to shift all of its resources to the elderly versus the young.
In ninth grade, I came up with a new form of rebellion. I hadn't been getting good grades, but I decided to get all A's without taking a book home. I didn't go to math class, because I knew enough and had read ahead, and I placed within the top 10 people in the nation on an aptitude exam.
I don't think there's anything unique about human intelligence.
I think it makes sense to believe in God, but exactly what decision in your life you make differently because of it, I don't know.
We should all grow our own food and do our own waste processing, we really should.
Until we're educating every kid in a fantastic way, until every inner city is cleaned up, there is no shortage of things to do.
There's always been a lot of information about your activities. Every phone number you dial, every credit-card charge you make. It's long since passed that a typical person doesn't leave footprints.
Microsoft Research has a thing called the Sense Cam that, as you walk around, it's taking photos all the time. And the software will filter and find the ones that are interesting without having to think, Let's get out the camera and get that shot.' You just have that, and software helps you pick what you want.
If you go back to 1800, everybody was poor. I mean everybody. The Industrial Revolution kicked in, and a lot of countries benefited, but by no means everyone.
When you want to do your homework, fill out your tax return, or see all the choices for a trip you want to take, you need a full-size screen.
Given how few young people actually read the newspaper, it's a good thing they'll be reading a newspaper on a screen.
I can understand wanting to have millions of dollars; there's a certain freedom, meaningful freedom, that comes with that.
Driving up the value of the advertising is a big commitment for Microsoft.
We are in the throes of a transition where every publication has to think of their digital strategy.
People are going to buy cheap fertilizer so they can grow enough crops to feed themselves, which will be increasingly difficult with climate change.
Of my mental cycles, I devote maybe ten percent to business thinking. Business isn't that complicated. I wouldn't want to put it on my business card.
Unfortunately, the highly curious student is a small percentage of the kids.
I was a kind of hyper-intense person in my twenties and very impatient.
The trouble with energy farming is that the energy isn't always where you want to use it, and it isn't always when you want to use it.
The best teacher is very interactive.
You may have heard of Black Friday and Cyber Monday. There's another day you might want to know about: Giving Tuesday. The idea is pretty straightforward. On the Tuesday after Thanksgiving, shoppers take a break from their gift-buying and donate what they can to charity.
The Internet is becoming the town square for the global village of tomorrow.
India is more of an aid recipient than a provider of aid.
This social-networking thing takes you to crazy places.
The next time someone tells you we can trim the budget by cutting aid, I hope you will ask whether it will come at the cost of more people dying.
I was lucky to be involved and get to contribute to something that was important, which is empowering people with software.
Well I think any author or musician is anxious to have legitimate sales of their products, partly so they're rewarded for their success, partly so they can go on and do new things.
China is certainly an important player in the global economy, and a widespread AIDS epidemic would threaten that growth.
Innovations that are guided by smallholder farmers, adapted to local circumstances, and sustainable for the economy and environment will be necessary to ensure food security in the future.
Software innovation, like almost every other kind of innovation, requires the ability to collaborate and share ideas with other people, and to sit down and talk with customers and get their feedback and understand their needs.
Antitrust is the way that the government promotes markets when there are market failures. It has nothing to do with the idea of free information.
Middle-income countries are the biggest users of GMOs. Places like Brazil.
Ninety percent of the cases of polio are in security-vulnerable areas.
The tablet is not mainstream. Reading off the screen is not mainstream.
The most amazing philanthropists are people who are actually making a significant sacrifice.
In poor countries, we still need better ways to measure the effectiveness of the many government workers providing health services. They are the crucial link bringing tools such as vaccines and education to the people who need them most. How well trained are they? Are they showing up to work?